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Basaloid Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Gingiva: A New Case and Review of Literature

Ashok V. Patil, Suyog Dattatray Tupsakhare, Khushboo Shah, Mahesh Gabhane, Fareedi Mukram Ali

Abstract


Introduction: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma is a rare aggressive malignancy that is a distinct variant of squamous cell carcinoma. Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) of the oral mucosa other than the tongue is uncommon. Its aggressive clinical behavior is characterized by a high incidence of local recurrence, regional lymph node metastases and mortality rate. Because of the advanced stage at presentation, oral BSCC is prognostically worse.

Presentation of Case: We reported a case of 45 year-old women who presented with a painful, reddish and irregular mass on the left mandibular gingiva and was diagnosed as Stage IV BSCC on the gingiva.

Conclusion: Patients with BSCC have advanced disease at presentation. Accurate histopathologic distinction between the basaloid tumors is of considerable clinical importance. Survival rate of BSCC is less than poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma and should have separate treatment protocol from that of conventional squamous cell carcinoma.


Keywords


Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma; gingiva

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References


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