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Breast Cancer in a Young Female with Antipsychotic-induced Hyperprolactinemia: A Case Report

Jareer Heider Abu Hmeidan, Arief Ismael Arrowaili

Abstract


Introduction: The relationship between prolactin (PRL) and breast cancer in humans has been a controversial issue for a long time. Although some animal and human in vitro studies illustrated an undeniable effect of PRL in inducing and promoting mammary cancer, epidemiological studies have been lees conclusive. There have been few reported cases of breast cancer in patients with hyperprolactinemia due to prolactinoma.

Case Presentation: We present a case of bilateral, multifocal, metastatic, triple negative breast cancer in a 33-year-old female with long-standing, antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia.

Conclusion: [There is a growing body of evidence on the carcinogenic effect of prolactin on mammary tissue]. Studying tumor biology in patients with long standing hyperprolactinemia might prove useful in delineating the relationship between PRL and breast cancer in humans.


Keywords


breast cancer; prolactin; anti-psychotics

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References


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