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Morbidity Patterns in Oncology Patients at FMRI, Gurgaon:A Hospital Based Study at a New Tertiary Care Institute

Brij Bhushan Tyagi, Bidhu Kalyan Mohanti, Vedant Kabra, Anusheel Munshi, Narendra Kumar Bhardwaj, Siddharth Kumar Sahai, Vinod Raina

Abstract


Objective: This study aims to analyze the patterns of morbidity amongst cancer patients attending a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: Data were collected from various departments dealing in cancer care. Patient’s data were categorized according to diagnosis and place of residence.

Results: A total of 1490 new cancer patients were registered. Out of these 1140 were Indians from 22 different states {males= 609 (53.4%) and females= 531 (46.6%)} and remaining 350 patients were from 27 different countries {males= 223 (63.7%) and females=127 (36.3%)}. The five most common cancer site groups amongst all males (n=832) were digestive organs (18.6%) followed by lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue (16.8%);  respiratory & intrathoracic organs (14.1%); then eye, brain and other parts of central nervous system (11.4%) and lip, oral cavity and  pharynx (9.5%)  and in all females (n=658) the most common cancer site were breast (31.5%) followed by  genital organs (17.3%); digestive organs (11.2%); lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue (9.3%) and eye, brain and other parts of nervous system (9.0%).

Conclusions:  The present study highlights the pattern of cancer among patients in a corporate tertiary health care institute. There is therefore an inherent bias, the leading sites of malignancies amongst Indian males and females varied from that in the Western population; this could be attributed to various cultural, environmental factors, life style, genetic factors etc. in different regions of India and different nations of the world. 


Keywords


Morbidity Pattern; ten most common cancers; Incidence

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