Cover Image

Improvement of mechanical properties of natural fiber reinforced jute/ polyester epoxy composite through meticulous alkali treatment

Manikandan N, Mohammad Neaz Morshed, Karthik R, Shamim Al Azad, Hridam Deb, Tareque Mahmud Rumi1, Md. Raju Ahmed

Abstract


This work aims to improve the mechanical properties of jute fabric reinforced composites. Jute fabric were treated with 5% alkali (NaOH) solution for different time durations (3 hrs. 5 hrs. 7 hrs.) at room temperature. Treated jute fabrics were used as reinforcing material to produce jute/unsaturated polyester resin epoxy composites. Recycled (R-UPR) and virgin (V-UPR) polyester resin were used at different combinations (100%V-UPR, 100%R-UPR, 50%V-UPR and 50% R-UPR) as epoxy. The effect of alkali treatment and mixing proportion of recycled and virgin polyester resin on tensile strength, tensile modulus, flexural strength and flexural modulus of the composites were studied and characterized as referred as in corresponding ASTM standards. Results indicates an improvement on tensile strength and flexural strength in alkali treated composites compared to untreated composites may due to better adhesion of polyester resin with alkali treated fiber matrix present in jute fabric. Higher tensile and flexural strength on the composite produced by using recycled polyester resin compared to the composite produced by using virgin polyester resin also been perceived in the consequences.


Keywords


Alkali treatment; Epoxy composites; Mechanical properties; Jute fabric; Polyester resin.

References


Joshi SV, et al. Are natural fiber composites environmentally superior to glass fiber reinforced composites? Composites Part A: Applied science and manufacturing. 2004. 35(3):371-376

Saw SK and Datta C. Thermo mechanical properties of jute/bagasse hybrid fibre reinforced epoxy thermoset composites. BioResources. 2009, 4(4):1455-1475

Bavan S and Kumar GM. Potential use of natural fiber composite materials in India. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 2010, 29(24):3600-3613

Li X, Panigrahi S, and Tabil L. A study on flax fiber-reinforced polyethylene biocomposites. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 2009. 25(4):525-531

Kabir M, et al. Effects of natural fibre surface on composite properties: A review. in Proceedings of the 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Engineering, Designing and Developing the Built Environment for Sustainable Wellbeing (eddBE2011). 2011. Queensland University of Technology.

Xu T, Tang Z, and Zhu J. Synthesis of polylactide‐graft‐glycidyl methacrylate graft copolymer and its application as a coupling agent in polylactide/bamboo flour biocomposites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2012, 125(S2)

Jabbar A, et al. Nanocellulose coated woven jute/green epoxy composites: Characterization of mechanical and dynamic mechanical behavior. Composite Structures. 2016.

Hasan KF, et al. A review on Antibacterial Coloration Agent’s Activity, Implementation & Efficiency to Ensure the Ecofriendly & Green Textiles. American Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering. 2016, 4(1):39-59

Zhou Y, Fan M, and Chen L. Interface and bonding mechanisms of plant fibre composites: An overview. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2016, 101:31-45

Hasan KF, et al. Influence of Naturally Originated Jute on the Fabrication & Mechanical Properties of Jute/Polyester Hybrid Composite. American Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering. 2016, 4(1):82-90

Ray D, et al. Effect of alkali treated jute fibres on composite properties. Bulletin of materials science. 2001, 24(2):129-135

Gon D, et al. Jute composites as wood substitute. International Journal of Textile Science. 2012, 1(6):84-93

Sakthivel M and Ramesh S. Mechanical properties of natural fiber (banana, coir, sisal) polymer composites. Science park. 2013, 1(1):1-6

Tahvildari K, Sh M, and Tarinsun N. Chemical recycling of poly ethylene terephthalate to obtain unsaturated polyester resins. J Appl Chem Res. 2010, 12:59-68

Cisneros‐López E, et al. Rotomolded polyethylene‐agave fiber composites: Effect of fiber surface treatment on the mechanical properties. Polymer Engineering & Science. 2016.

Morshed MN, et al. An Instigation to Green Manufacturing: Characterization and Analytical Analysis of Textile Wastewater for Physico-Chemical and Organic Pollution Indicators. American Journal of Environmental Science & Technology. 2016, 1(1):11-21

Sokoli HlU, et al. Characterization of the Liquid Products from Hydrolyzed Epoxy and Polyester Resin Composites Using Solid-Phase Microextraction and Recovery of the Monomer Phthalic Acid. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2016, 55(34):9118-9128

Ikladious NE, et al. Alkyd resins based on hyperbranched polyesters and PET waste for coating applications. Progress in Organic Coatings. 2016.

Mehar A, Sadaq SI, and Mohammed S. Experimental Study and the Effect of Alkali Treatment with Time on Jute Polyester Composites. International Journal of Engineering Research. 2013, 2:23-28

Rout J, Misra M, and Mohanty AK. Surface modification of coir fibers I: Studies on graft copolymerization of methyl methacrylate on to chemically modified coir fibers. Polymers for Advanced Technologies. 1999, 10(6):336-344

Sinha E and Rout S. Influence of fibre-surface treatment on structural, thermal and mechanical properties of jute fibre and its composite. Bulletin of materials science. 2009, 32(1):65-76


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


AJCOC ISSN 2574-6758) Copyright © 2012-2017. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States