Cover Image

Effect of Hybridization of Glass/kevlar Fiber on Mechanical Properties of Bast Reinforced Polymer Composites: A Review

Sandeep Kumar, Lalta Prasad, Vinay Kumar Patel


Natural fibres are gaining more and more interest as reinforcing materials for polymer composite due to their environmental and economical benefits.  Bast fibers is a prominent reinforcement for use in polymeric materials because of its low specific weight and cost, eco-friendly and abundantly available in nature. Several authors manifest the cellulosic fibers based polymeric composites as advantageously used in automobile industries and structural applications, but certain problems have been associated during usage of such fiber such as high water/mosture-uptake and low strength than inorganic fibers. These problems have been reduced to a major extent with enhancements in mechanical properties by the researchers through hybridization of these natural fiber based composites with synthetic fiber (glass/Kevlar). In the present article, we reviewed the effect of hybridization of glass/Kevlar synthetic fibers on mechanical properties of bast fiber (jute, hemp, kenaf, flax) reinforced polymer composites.


Bast fiber; glass /kevlar fibre; hybrid composites; Mechanical propertie


Farnfield CA, Alvery PJ. Textile terms and definitions (editor 7thed Manchester, 1975, ISBN, 0-900739-17-7)

Denton and Daniels PA. Textile terms and definitions (editor 11thed Manchester, 2002, ISBN, 1-87037-244-1)

Wambua P, Ivens J, Verpoest I. Natural fiber: Can they replace glass in fiber reinforced plastics. Compos Sci Technol. 2003, 63:1259-1264

Kumar S, Gangil B, Joshi B, Physico-mechanical & tribological properties of glass fibre based epoxy hybrid natural composites, Proc. of ICETED, AETS.2013.3.200, 2013

Keller A, Compounding and mechanical properties of biodegradable hemp fiber composites. Compos Sci Technol. 2003, 63:1307-1316

Oksmana K, Skrifvars M, Selin JF. Natural fiber as reinforcement in polylactic acid (PLA) composites. Compos Sci Technol. 2003, 63:1317-1324

Donnell A.O, Dweib M.A, Wool R.P, Natural fiber composites with plant oil-based resin. Compos Sci Technol. 2004, 64:1135-1145

Baiardo M, Zini E, Scandola M. Flax-fiber polyester composites. Composites: Part A, 2004, 35:703-710

Ochi S. Development of high strength biodegradable composites using Manila hemp fiber and starch-based biodegradable resin. Composites Part A, 2006, 37:1879-1883

Thwe MM, Liao K. Durability of bamboo-glass fiber reinforced polymer matrix hybrid composites. Compos Sci Technol. 2003, 63 (3-4):375-387

Fu SY, Xu G, Mai YW. On the elastic modulus of hybrid particles/short fiber/polymer composites. Composites, Part B. 2002, 33 (4): 291-299

Baley C. Analysis of the flax fiber tensile behavior and analysis of the tensile stiffness increase. Composites, Part A 2002, 33(7): 939-948

Ramesha M, Palani Kumar K. Hemachandra Reddy K, Mechanical properties evaluation of sisal-jute-glass fiber reinforced polyester composites. Composites, Part B. 2013, 48:1-9

Bledzki A.K, Reihmane S, Gassan J. Properties and modification methods for vegetable fibers for natural fiber composites. Appl Polym Sci.1996, 59:1329-1336

Ochi S. Mechanical properties of kenaf fiber and kenaf/PLA composites, Mech. Mater. 2008, 40 (4-5):446-452

John MJ, Thomas S. Bio-fibers and Bio-composites. Carbohydr. Polym. 2008, 71 (3):343-364

Sreekala M.S, George J, Kumaran MG, Thomas S. The mechanical performance of hybrid phenol-formaldehyde-based composites reinforced with glass and oil palm fibers. Compos Sci Technol. 2002, 62 (3):339-353

Mohan Kishore R, Shridhar MK, Rao RMGVK. Compressive strength of jute-glass hybrid fiber composites. J Mater Sci Lett. 1983, 2:99-102

Clark RA, Ansell MP. Jute and glass-fiber hybrid laminates. J Mater Sci. 1986, 21(1):269-276

Ahmed KS, Vijayarangan S, Naidu ACB. Elastic properties, notch strength and fracture criterion in untreated woven jute-glass fabric reinforced polyester hybrid composites. Mater. Des. 2007, 28:2287, 2294

De Rosa IM, Santulli C, Sarasini F, Valente M. Post-impact damage characterization of hybrid configurations of jute/glass polyester laminates using acoustic emission and IR thermography. Compos Sci Technol. 2009, 69:1142-1150

Ramnath BV, Kokan SJ, Raja RN. Sathyanarayan R, Elanchezhian C, Rajendra Prasad A, Manickavasagam V.M, Evaluation of mechanical properties of abaca-jute-glass fiber reinforced epoxy composite. Mater Des. 2013, 51:357-366

Akil HzMd, De Rosa IM, Santulli C, Sarasini F. Flexural behavior of pultruded jute/glass and kenaf/glass hybrid composites monitored by using acoustic emission. Mater Sci Eng. A 2010, 527:2942-2950

Ramesha M, Palani Kumar K, Hemachandra Reddy K. Mechanical properties evaluation of sisal-jute-glass fiber reinforced polyester composites. Composites Part B, 2013, 48:1-9

Ramnath BV, Manickavasagam VM. Elanchezhian C, Krishna C.V, Karthik S, Saravanan K, Determination of mechanical properties of intra layer abaca-jute-glass fiber reinforced composites. Mater Des. 2014, 60:643-652

Dalbhera S, Acharya SK. Study on mechanical properties of natural fiber reinforced woven jute-glass hybrid epoxy composites, Adv Polym Sci Tech. 2014, ISSN 2277-7164

Ahmed KS, Vijayarangan S. Tensile, flexural and interlaminar shear properties of woven jute and jute-glass fabric reinforced polyester composites. J Mater Process Technol. 2008, 207:330-335

Ramnath BV, Elanchezhian C, Nirmal PV, Prem Kumar G, Santosh Kumar V, Karthick S, Rajesh S, Suresh K. Experimental Investigation of mechanical jute-flax based glass fiber reinforced composite. Fibers Polym. 2014 15(6):1251-1262

Reis PNB, Ferriera JAM, Antunes FV, Costa JD. Flexural behavior of hybrid laminated composites. Composites Part A, 2007, 38:1612-1620

Panthapulakkal S, Sain M. Studies on water absorption properties of short hemp-glass fiber hybrid propylene composites. J Compos Mater. 2007, 41:1871-1883

Panthapulakkal S, Sain M. Injection moulded short hemp/glass fiber hybrid propylene composites. Appl Polym Sci. 2007, 103:2432-2441

Cisala G, Cristaldi G, Recca G, Ziegmann G, EI-Sabbagh A, Dickert M. Properties and performance of various hybrid glass/natural fiber composites for curved pipes. Mater Des. 2009, 30:2538-2542

Anuar H, Zuraida A. Improvement in mechanical properties of reinforced thermoplastic elastomers composites with kenaf bast fiber. Composites Part B, 2011, 42:462-465

Venkateshwaran N, Elayaperumal A, Sathiya GK. Prediction of tensile properties of hybrid-natural fiber composites. Composites Part B, 2012, 43(2):793-796

Atiqah A, Maleque MA, Jawaid M, Iqbal M. Development of kenaf-glass reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composites for structural applications. Composites Part B, 2014, 56:68-73

Mansor MR, Salit MdS, Zainudin ES, Nurani AbdA, Arif H. Stiffness prediction of hybrid kenaf/glass fiber reinforced propylene composites using rule of mixtures (ROM) and rule of hybrid mixtures (RoHM). J Polym Sci. 2014, 30(3):321-334

Malek Yaacob A, Abu Bakar A, Ismail H, Zaman Dahlan K. Hybrid composites: study on untreated kenaf/glass fiber properties. Pertanika J Sci Technol. 2011, 19(2):373-381

Arbelaiz A, Fernandez B, Cantero G, Llano-ponte R, Valea A, Mondragon I. Influence of fiber/matrix modification and glass fiber hybridization. Composites Part A, 2005, 36:1637-1644

Durai Prabhakaran RT, Toftegard H, Markussen CM, Madsen B. Experiment and thermal assessment of flexural properties of natural fiber hybrid composites. Acta Mech. 2014, 225: 2775-2782

Morye SS, Wool RP. Mechanical Properties of glass/flax hybrid composites based on novel modified soyabean oil matrix material. Polym Compos. 2005, 26(4):407-416

Petrucci R, Santulli C, Puglia D, Sarasaini F, Toree l, Kenny J.M, Mechanical characterization of hybrid composite laminates based on basalt fibers in combination with flax, hemp and glass fibers manufactured by vacuum infusion. Mater Des. 2013 , 49:728-735

Zhang Y, Li Y, Tao Yu HM. Tensile and interfacial properties of unidirectional flax/glass fiber reinforced hybrid composites. Compos Sci Technol. 2013, 88:172-177

Zhang Y, Li Y, Tao Yu HM. Tensile and interfacial properties of unidirectional flax/glass fiber reinforced hybrid composites. Compos Sci Technol. 2013, 88:172-177

Zimniewska M, Myalsaki J, Koziol M, Mankowaski J, Bogacaz E. Natural fiber textile structure suitable for composites. J Nat fiber. 2012, 9:229-239

Worbhe N.O, Shrivastava R, Adwani P.S, Mechanical properties of Kevlar-jute reinforced epoxy composites, IJIRSET. 2016, 5:2319-8753

Zhang Y, Li Y, Tao Yu HM. Tensile and interfacial properties of unidirectional flax/glass fiber reinforced hybrid composites. Compos Sci Technol. 2013, 88:172-177

Hyie K.M, Bakar N.H, Jazlan R, Jumahat A, Kalam A, The compressive property of Kevlar-kenaf hybrid polymer composites, Appl MechMater. 2015, 763:19-24

Naresh Ch, Kumar Y.R, Manikantesh K, Effect of stacking sequence and orientationon tensile response of natural fiber reinforced hybrid composites: fibrous-glass/hemp/jute epoxy composite plates, IJERT. 2016, 5:2278-0181

Jani S.P, Kumar A.S, Khan M.A, Kumar M.U, Machinability of fiber reinforced composite with and without filler as reinforcement, Mater Manuf Processes. 2016, 31: 1393-1399

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

AJPSE(ISSN 2572-5734)Copyright © 2012-2017. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States