Cover Image

Investigation on the Thermo-Regulating Fabric by Using Phase Change Material for Modern Textile Practical Application

Md Nahid Pervez, Asfandyar Khan, Imran Ahmad Khan


Phase change materials (PCM) which can store energy and increased thermal properties of fabric applied on over a narrow temperature range. It is antiphonal to temperature change by absorbing or releasing heat which is potential for human skin. PCM for Thermal Energy Storage (TES) are materials supplying thermal regulation and change particular phase in temperatures by absorbing and emitting medium condition heat. Polyethylene glycol (PEG-1000) is used as PCM in this experiment and we took a 2.5% concentration that was encapsulated by using an in-situ polymerization technique. PEG microcapsules are verified by measuring FTIR analysis and DSC studies. The heat storage capacity of 2.5% PEG coated fabric was determined to be 2842.5120 J/g and for binder coated fabric 1557.8 J/g by DSC analysis and FT-IR analysis of PEG microcapsules exhibited the highest peak at 3400-2400cm−1 this is the characteristic absorption peaks of –OH stretching vibrations and we got average stiffness values for binder coated is 0.49 (warp wise) and 0.57(weft wise) and for 2.5% PEG coated is 0.71(warp wise) and 0.98(weft wise).  After that the treated fabrics were characterized with respect to their morphology and the laundering durability testing of 5 and 10 cycles was evaluated for practical use. In this paper we investigated about cooling effect of Fabric by using 2.5%. PCMs via the storage of latent heat by producing microcapsules showed higher thermal energy amount, than the binder coated fabric.


Phase Change Material (PCM); Binder; Thermal comfort; Cotton; Encapsulation; laundering durability

Full Text:



K K, J C, Y. P. The application of pcmm -s and sic by commercially direct dual-complex coating on textile polymer. Applied Surface Science. 2009, 255:8313-8318

SX W, Y L, JY H, H T, QW S. Effect of phase-change material on energy consumption of intelligent thermal-protective clothing. Polymer Testing. 2006, 25:580-587

Cui R, Liu X, Yu W, He L, Jia Q, Liu X. Preparation and characterization of microencapsulated n-octadecane as phase change materials. Journal of Fiber Bio engineering & Informatics. 2012, 5:51-58

Erkan G. Enhancing the thermal properties of textiles with phase change materials. RJTA. 2004, 8

G. N. Application of microencapsulation in textiles. International J. 2002, 242:55-62

YG B, DP C. Fibers with enhanced reversible thermal energy storage properties. 1992.

G. N. Microencapsulation in textile finishing. Review of Progress in Coloration. 2001, 31:57-64

C BrownR, D RasberryJ, P OvermannS. Microencapsulated phase-change materials as heat transfer media in gas-uidized beds. Powder Technol. 1998, 98:217-222

Pause B. Driving more comfortably with phase change materials. Technical Textiles International. 2002, 11:24-27

ElDessouky H, AlJuwayhel F. Effectiveness of a thermal energy storage system using phase-change materials. Energy Conversion and Management 1997, 38:601–617

Sari A, Karaipekli A. Thermal conductivity and latent heat thermal energy storage characteristics of paraffin/expanded graphite composite as phase change material Applied Thermal Engineering. 2007, 27 1271–1277

S. M. Phase change materials for smart textile-an overview. Applied Thermal Engineering. 2008, 28:1536-1550

Zhang X. Smart fibres, fabrics and clothing. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Ltd; 2001.

Tao X. Thermally sensitive materials, in: X.M. Tao (ed.). Thermally sensitive materials, in. 2001:58-82

rklu AK. Thermal performance of a tapered store containing tubes of phase change material: Cooling cycle. Energy Conversion and Management 1997, 38:333-340

Thakare AM, Sangwan A, Yadav S. Providing comfort through phase change materials. Man Made Textiles in India. 2005, 48:239–242


  • There are currently no refbacks.

AJPSE(ISSN 2572-5734)Copyright © 2012-2020. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States