Cover Image

Toxicology of Biomedical Polymer-based Nanocomposite

Ayesha Kausar

Abstract


This paper deals with various types of biomedical polymers and nanocomposites for the biomedical systems, devices, and diversity of applications. The toxic hazards may arise out of the applications of biomedical polymers and nanocomposites. The potential toxicity of monomers, additives, and fillers used in the manufacture of biomedical polymers and nanocomposites may lead to toxicological effects of these materials. The processing of these materials may be carefully controlled for sterilization and to prevent the toxic impact on human tissues and organs. New quality control measures and stringent toxicity evaluation methods must be developed for the safe use of these materials. Future efforts may focus the removal of systemic toxicity of biomedical polymers and nanocomposites.


Keywords


Biomedical polymers; nanocomposites; toxicology; additives; fillers

References


Kausar A. Nanodiamond reinforcement in polyamide and polyimide matrices: Fundamentals and applications. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting. 2018, 34(4):439-458

Kausar A Hussain ST. Effect of multi-walled carbon nanotube reinforcement on the physical properties of poly (thiourea-azo-ether)-based nanocomposites. J Plast Film Sheet. 2013, 29: 365-383

Kausar A. Thermal conductivity measurement of polyvinylpyrrolidone/ polyethylene/graphene nanocomposite. Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2016, 6:34-37

Kausar A and Hussain ST. Processing and properties of new heteroaromatic Schiff-base poly (sulfone-ester) s and their blends. Iranian Polymer Journal. 2013, 22(3):175-185

Kausar A. Carbon nano onion as versatile contender in polymer compositing and advance application. Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures. 2017, 25(2):109-123

Kausar A. Estimation of thermo-mechanical and fire resistance profile of epoxy coated polyurethane/fullerene composite films. Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures. 2016, 24(6):391-399

Kausar A. Design of Polydimethylsiloxane/Nylon 6/Nanodiamond for Sensor Application. Int J Instrumentat Sci. 2016, 5(1):15-18

Kausar A. Review on Structure, Properties and Appliance of Essential Conjugated Polymers. American Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering. 2016, 4(1):91-102

Kausar A and Ashraf R. Electrospun, non-woven, nanofibrous membranes prepared from nano-diamond and multi-walled carbon nanotube-filled poly (azo-pyridine) and epoxy composites reinforced with these membranes. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting. 2014, 30(4):369-387

Kausar A. Nanocarbon-based Nanocomposite in Green Engineering. Res J Nanosci Engineer. 2018, 2:28-33

Kausar A, Iqbal A and Hussain ST. Novel hybrids derived from poly (thiourea-amide)/epoxy and carbon nanotubes. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2013, 52(11):1169-1174

Kausar A. Proton exchange fuel cell membranes of poly (benzimidazole-amide)/sulfonated polystyrene/titania nanoparticles-grafted-multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting. 2015, 31(1):27-44

Kausar A and Anwar S. Graphite filler-based nanocomposites with thermoplastic polymers: a review. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2018, 57(6):565-580

Kausar A and Hussain ST. Poly (azo-ether-imide) nanocomposite films reinforced with nanofibers electrospun from multi-walled carbon nanotube filled poly (azo-ether-imide). Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting. 2014, 30(3):266-283

Kausar A and Hussain ST. Effect of modified filler surfaces and filler-tethered polymer chains on morphology and physical properties of poly (azo-pyridyl-urethane)/multi-walled carbon nanotube nanocomposites. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting. 2014, 30(2):181-204

Kausar A. Polyamide-grafted-multi-walled carbon nanotube electrospun nanofibers/epoxy composites. Fibers and Polymers. 2014, 15(12):2564-2571

Kausar A. Mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of epoxy matrix composites reinforced with polyamide-grafted-MWCNT/poly(azo-pyridine-benzophenone-imide)/ polyaniline nanofibers. International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials. 2014, 63(16):831-839

Kostarelos K. The long and short of carbon nanotube toxicity. Nature biotechnology. 2008, 26(7):774

Kolosnjaj J, Szwarc H and Moussa F. Toxicity studies of carbon nanotubes. In Bio-Applications of Nanoparticles (pp. 181-204). Springer, New York, NY, 2007

Kausar A. Hybrids of Polystyrene-b-Poly (ethylene-ran-butylene)-b-Polystyrene Reinforced by Electrospun Polyimide/Carbon Nanotube Nanofibers: Preparation and Properties. American Journal of Materials Science. 2014, 4(4):169-177

Kausar A. Nanodiamond tethered epoxy/polyurethane interpenetrating network nanocomposite: Physical properties and thermoresponsive shape-memory behavior. International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization. 2016, 21(4):348-358

Kausar A. Advances in polymer/fullerene nanocomposite: a review on essential features and applications. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2017, 56(6):594-605

Kausar A, Rafique I and Muhammad B. Aerospace application of polymer nanocomposite with carbon nanotube, graphite, graphene oxide, and nanoclay. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2017, 56(13):1438-1456

Kausar A. Synthesis and properties of melt processed poly (thiourea-azosulfone)/carbon nanotubes nanocomposites. Chinese Journal of Polymer Science. 2014, 32(1):64-72

Kausar A. Novel water purification membranes of polystyrene/multi-walled carbon nanotube-grafted-graphene oxide hybrids. Am J Polym Sci. 2014, 4:63-72

Kausar A. Review on polymer/halloysite nanotube nanocomposite. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2018, 57(6):548-564

Kausar A. Waterborne polyurethane-coated polyamide/fullerene composite films: Mechanical, thermal, and flammability properties. International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization. 2016, 21(4):275-285

Kausar A. Electromagnetic interference shielding of polyaniline/Poloxalene/carbon black composite. Int J Mater Chem. 2016, 6:6-11

Kausar A. 2015. A Study on Poly (vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene)-graft-Polystyrene Reinforced with Two Functional Nanofillers. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 54(7):741-749

Kausar A. Formation and properties of poly (vinyl butyral-co-vinyl alcohol-co-vinyl acetate)/polystyrene composites reinforced with graphene oxide-nanodiamond. Am J Polym Sci. 2014, 4:54-62

Kausar A. State-of-the-Art overview on polymer/POSS nanocomposite. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2017, 56(13):1401-1420

Kausar A. Polyurethane composite foams in high-performance applications: A review. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2018, 57(4):346-369

Kausar A. Enhanced electrical and thermal conductivity of modified poly (acrylonitrile-co-butadiene)-based nanofluid containing functional carbon black-graphene oxide. Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures. 2016, 24(4):278-285

Kausar A. Scientific potential of chitosan blending with different polymeric materials: A review. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting. 2017, 33(4):384-412

Kausar A, Ahmad S and Salman SM. Effectiveness of polystyrene/carbon nanotube composite in electromagnetic interference shielding materials: a review. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2017, 56(10):1027-1042

Kausar A. Investigation on self-assembled blend membranes of polyethylene-block-poly (ethylene glycol)-block-polcaprolactone and poly (styrene-block-methyl methacrylate) with polymer/gold nanocomposite particles. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2015, 54(17):1794-1802

Kausar A. Fabrication and properties of polyamide and graphene oxide coated carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composites. Am J Polym Sci. 2014, 4(3):88-93

Kausar A. A review of filled and pristine polycarbonate blends and their applications. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting. 2018, 34(1):60-97

Kausar A. Enhancement of Electrical and Mechanical Properties of Polycarbonate/Poly(Ethylene Oxide) and Carbon Black Composite. American Journal of Current Organic Chemistry. 2016, 2(1):1-8

Kausar A. A study on high-performance poly (azo-pyridine-benzophenone-imide) nanocomposites via self-reinforcement of electrospun nanofibers. Iranian Polymer Journal. 2014, 23(2):127-136

Kausar A. Scrutinization of Poly (ethylene-co-ethyl acrylate)/Poly (methyl acrylate) and Zein-based Nanocomposite. American Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering. 2016, 4(1):8-16.

Kausar A. Topical Progression in Organic and Inorganic Membranes for Advance Application: A Review. American Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering. 2016, 4(1):60-81.39

Kausar A, Zulfiqar S, Shabbir S, Ishaq M and Sarwar MI. Mechanical properties of functionalized SEBS based inorganic hybrid materials. Polymer Bulletin. 2007, 59(4):457-468

Kausar A, Zulfiqar S and Sarwar MI, Recent developments in sulfur-containing polymers. Polymer Reviews. 2014, 54(2):185-267

Kausar A and Ur Rahman A. Effect of graphene nanoplatelet addition on properties of thermo-responsive shape memory polyurethane-based nanocomposite. Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures. 2016, 24(4):235-242

Kausar A. Properties and Applications of Nanodiamond Nanocomposite. American Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research. 2018, 6(1):46-54

Kausar A and Hussain ST. Synthesis and properties of poly (thiourea-azo-naphthyl)/multi-walled carbon nanotube composites. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting. 2014, 30(1):6-27

Kausar A. Potential of Polymer/Graphene Nanocomposite in Electronics. American Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research. 2018, 6(1):55-63

Kausar A. Bucky papers of poly (methyl methacrylate-co-methacrylic acid)/polyamide 6 and graphene oxide-montmorillonite. Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology. 2016, 37(1):66-72

Kausar A, Iqbal A and Hussain ST. Preparation and properties of polyamide/epoxy/multi-walled carbon nanotube nanocomposite. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting. 2014, 30(2):205-224

Kausar A. Study on physical properties of poly (methyl methacrylate)/poly (thiophene amide)-silica-titania-grafted multiwalled carbon nanotube-based nanofiber composites. High Performance Polymers. 2014, 26(8):961-969

Kausar A. Investigation on nanocomposite membrane of multiwalled carbon nanotube reinforced polycarbonate blend for gas separation. Journal of Nanomaterials. 2016, 7089530

Kausar A. Amalgamation of Nanodiamond and Epoxy. American Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering. 2017, 5(1):34-42

Kausar A. Polyaniline composites with nanodiamond, carbon nanotube and silver nanoparticle: Preparation and properties. American Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering. 2015, 3(2):149-160

Kausar A. Overview on conducting polymer in energy storage and energy conversion system. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A. 2017, 54(9):640-653


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


AJT (ISSN 2689-1875)© 2012-2019. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States