Complications after Use of Iliac Bone Graft for Post Cleft Alveolar Bone Defect
Background: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of the iliac bone graft for secondary alveolar bone grafting in cleft patients and to monitor its complications as a donor site during the last five years, in maxillofacial unit, faculty of medicine, Assiut University, Egypt.
Methods: Eighteen cleft patients with secondary alveolar bone grafts using iliac crest bone grafts were included in this study, 10 males and 8 females ranging in ages from 6–22 years. Full history taking, operative details, and follow up to one year postoperatively, early and late postoperative complications reported and analyzed.
Results: the iliac bone was reliable as a donor site for bone grafting of the alveolar cleft, the success rate was 11/18, also 5/18 had success from the second interference, the overall complications were acceptable.
Conclusions: the anterior iliac crest is one of the best sites for autogenous bone graft for treatment of secondary alveolar cleft; it gives a big volume of highly vascular cancellous bone, with accepted range of postoperative complications.
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