Cover Image

A Statistical Evaluation on the Mycodiversity of Microfungi from Marine Origin Along the South East Coast of Tamilnadu

Ponpandian Samuel, D.N.P. Sudarmani

Abstract


We investigated the mycodiversity of the four spots [Adirampattinam (SS1), Mallipattinam (SS2), Rajamadam (SS3) and Memesal (SS4)] along the south east coast of Tamilnadu. The marine sediments were collected by hand-pushing plastic core tubes. The sediments were processed carefully and subjected to microbiological analysis. The study revealed that the season greatly influence the mycodiversity. The microbiological analysis results were subjected to statistical analysis; it includes correlation analysis, Shannon diversity indices and ANOVA analysis. Statistical approach revealed that the distribution of fungi not only influenced by season but also by sampling spots. Thus we conclude through this research that among the four sampling spots, Adirampattinam was found as the spot for maximum mycodiversity and therefore this spot could be considered as spot for the isolation of potential fungi.


Keywords


Mycodiversity; Marine sediment; Hand-pushing plastic core tubes; Correlation; Shannon diversity; ANOVA

Full Text:

PDF

References


Jones EBG, Hyde KD. Methods for the study of marine fungal from the mangroves. In mangrove microbiology. 1988, 9-27

Natori T, Morita M and Akimoto K. Antitumor and anti immunostimulatory cerebrosides from the marine sponge agelas mauritianus. 1994, 50:2771-2778

Kohlmeyer J and Volkmann–Kohlmeyer B. Marine Ascomycete from algae and animal hosts. Botanica Marina. 2003, 46:285-306

El-Kady IA, El-Maghraby OM and Sabber OE. Halophillic or halotolerent fungi of four seeds from Egypt. Cryptogamie. Micologie. 1986, 7(4): 289-293

Mansuma, R., Yamaguchi, M., Noumy, S., and Omyra, 2001. Effect of sea water concentration on hyphal growth and antimicrobial metabolic production in marine fungi. Mycoscience. 24(5): 455-459

Liberra K, Lindequist U. Marine fungi- prolific resource of biologically active natural products. 1995, 583-588

Al-Shiwafi N, Rushdi AI & Ba-Issa A. Trace Metals in Surface Seawaters and Sediments from Various Habitats of the Red Sea Coast of Yemen. Environmental Geology. 2005, 48, 590-598

Jung H, Yun S, Mayer B, Kim S, Park S & Lee P. Transport and Sediment-Water Partitioning Of Trace Metals in Acid Mine Drainage: An Example from the Abandoned Kwangyang Au-Ag Mine Area, South Korea. Environmental Geology. 2005, 48:437-449

Warcup JH. The soil plate method for isolation of fungi from soil. Nature. 1950, 166: 117-118

Dring DM. Techniques for microscopic preparation In: Methods in Microbiology, Booth, (Eds.) Academic press, London, 1976, 4: 95-111

Barghoorn ES and Linder DH. Marine fungi: Their taxonomy and biology. Farlowia 1, 1944, 395-467

Johnson TW, Sparrow FK. Fungi in Oceans and Estuaries. J. Cramer, Weinheim, Germany, 1961, 668 pp

Barnett HL, Hunter BB. Illustrated Genera of Imperfect Fungi, third ed. Burgess Publishing Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1972, 241 pp

Anisworth GC, Sparrow FK, Sussman AS. A Taxonomic Review With Keys: Ascomycetes and Fungi imperfecti. In: The Fungi, an Advanced Treatise, vol. IVA. Academic Press, New York, (1973a), 621 pp.

Anisworth GC, Sparrow FK, Sussman AS, A Taxonomic Review with Keys: Basidiomycetes and Lower Fungi. In: The Fungi, an Advanced Treatise, vol. IVB. Academic Press, New York, (1973b), 504 pp.

Kohlmeyer, J. and Kohlmeyer, E. 1979. Marine Mycology- The Higher Fungi. Academic Press, New York, U.S.A., pp. 1-690

Kohlmeyer J, Kohlmeyer BV. Illustrated key to the filamentous higher marine fungi. Bot Mar. 1991. 34:1-61

Anisworth GC. Anisworth and Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi, sixth ed. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey, England. 1971

Hyde KD, Sarma VV, Jones EBG (2000). Morphology and taxonomy of higher marine fungi. In: Marine mycologya practical approach. Fungal Diversity Research Series 1, (Hyde KD, Pointing SB, eds). Fungal Diversity Press, Hong Kong: 172-204.

Sridhar KR, Prasannarai K. Biogeography and biodiversity of higher marine fungi in tropics – a review. Ecology Environment & Conservation. 2001, 7:219-234

Prabhakaran N and Gupta R. () Activity of soil fungi of Mangalvan, the mangrove ecosystem of Cochin backwater Fishery technology. (India) Society of Fisheries Technologists, India. 1990, 27:157-159

Subramanian CV Raghu-Kumar S. Ecology of Higher Fungi in Soils of Marine and Brackish Environments in an Around Madras Veroff. Inst Meeresforsch Bremerh Suppl. 1974, 5:377-402.

Madhanraj P, Manorajan S, Nadimuthu N and Panneerselvam A. An investigation of the mycoflora in the sand dune soils of Tamilnadu coast, India. Advances in Applied Science Research, 2010, 1(3):160-167

Pawar VH and Thirumalachar MG. Studies on halophilic soil fungi from Bombay. Nova Hedwigia. 1966, 12:497-508

Nadimuthu N. 1998. “Studies on the fungi of the coral reef environment of the Gulf of Mannar, Biosphere Reserve, India.” Ph.D. Thesis. Annamalai University. Tamil Nadu, India.

Booth T and Kenkel N. Ecological studies of lignicolous marine fungi: a distribution modelbased on ordination and classification. In: The Biology of Marine Fungi (ed. S.T. Moss). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 1986, 297-310

Maria GL and Sridhar KR. Richness and diversity of filamentous fungi on wood litter of mangroves along the west coast of India. Curr Sci. 2002, 83: 1573-1580

Tan TK, Teng CL and Jones EBG. Substrate type and microbial interactions as factors affecting ascocarp formation by mangrove fungi. Hydrobiologia. 1995, 295:127-134

Bhadury P, Mohammad BT and Wright PC. The current status of natural products from marine fungi and their potential as anti-infective agents. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006. DOI: 10.1007/s10295-005- 0070-3.

Parekh S, Vinci VA and Strobel RJ. Improvement of microbial strains a fermentation processs. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2000, 54:287-301

Atalla MM, Zeinab HK, Eman RH, Amani AY and Abeer AAbd El Aty. Physiological Studies on Some Biologically Active Secondary Metabolites from Marine-Derived Fungus Penicillium brevicompactum. www.Gate2Biotech.com. 2011, 1 (1):1‐15

Ira Bhatnagar and Se-Kwon Kim. Immense Essence of Excellence: Marine Microbial Bioactive Compounds. Mar Drugs. 2010, 8, 2673-2701

Petit KE, Mondeguerb F, Roquebertc MF, Biard JF and Pouchus YF. Detection of griseofulvin in a marine strain of Penicillium waksmanii by ion trap mass spectrometry. Journal of Microbiological Methods. 2004, 58(1):59-65

Polizeli MLTM. Rizzatti ACS, Monti R, Terenzi HF, Jorge JA and Amorim DS. 2005, Xylanases form fungi: properties and Industrial applications. Appl Microbiol.Biotechnol. 67:577-591

Raghukumar C, Muraleedharan U, Gaud VR and Mishra R. Xylanases of marine fungi of potential use of bioleaching of paper pulp. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2004, 31: 433-441

Mitchell and M Alexander, Lysis of soil fungi by bacteria. Can J Microbiol. 1963, 9:169-177

Prasannarai K and Sridhar KR. Fungal assemblage and diversity on periodically sampled intertidal woody litter. Indian journal of Marine science. 2003, 32(4):329-333

Sundari R, Vikineswari S, Yusoff M and Jones EBG. Observations on tropical arenicolous marine fungi on drift wood from malasyia and Singapore. Botanica Marina. 1996, 39:327-333

Aleem AA. Distribution and ecology of marine fungi in Sierra Leone (Tropical West Africa). Botanica Marina. 1980, 23: 679-688


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


AJCMicrob (ISSN 2572-5815) Copyright © 2012-2020. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States