Cover Image

Comparative Analysis among Different ZnO Nanoparticles Synthesized by Different Techniques

Ashraful Islam, Bukhari Samman Hassan, Shibraj Karande, Meer Md Rasel Khan


Semiconductor oxides were synthesized and systematically examined on 100 % cotton fabric to optimize the properties. Nano-technology is employed in this research work to form nanoparticles of semi-conductor oxides. Four samples were synthesized by using different methods and dyed to find the effective one. Different characterization techniques are used to characterize nanoparticles e.g. X-ray powder diffractometer, Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscope (EDS, EDX or EDXRF) and SEM images. By examining diffraction pattern and SEM images homogeneity, crystalline phase, transparent finishing process and unit cell dimensions are found. ZnO-3 (sample 3) (TEA 0.025M) treated cotton is revealed to have unique properties and implied a transparent finishing process.


Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscope (EDS, EDX or EDXRF); cotton fabric; X-ray powder diffraction (XRD); Triethanolmine (TEA)

Full Text:



Kathirvelu S, D'Souza L, Dhurai B. Nanotechnology applications in textiles. Indian Journal of Science and technology. 2008, 1:1-10

Joshi M, Bhattacharyya A, Ali SW. Characterization techniques for nanotechnology applications in textiles. Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research. 2008, 33:304-317

Yuranova T, Rincon A, Pulgarin C, Laub D, Xantopoulos N, Mathieu H-J, Kiwi J. Performance and characterization of ag–cotton and ag/tio 2 loaded textiles during the abatement of e. Coli. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry. 2006, 181:363-369

Aatcc technical manual. 2008:334-337

Fernández‐García M, Rodriguez JA. Metal oxide nanoparticles. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. 2011,

Rodriguez JA, Fernández-García M. Synthesis, properties, and applications of oxide nanomaterials. John Wiley & Sons; 2007.

Farley NR, Staddon CR, Zhao L, Edmonds KW, Gallagher BL, Gregory DH. Sol-gel formation of ordered nanostructured doped zno films. Journal of Materials Chemistry. 2004, 14:1087-1092

Mahalingam T, John V, Raja M, Su Y-K, Sebastian P. Electrodeposition and characterization of transparent zno thin films. Solar energy materials and solar cells. 2005, 88:227-235

Www.Ncsu.Edu/research/results/vol3/load.Html. (access date: 28 April, 2016)

Http://www.Nano.Org.Uk. (access date: April 28, 2016)

Brown P, Stevens K. Nanofibers and nanotechnology in textiles. Elsevier; 2007.

Xin J, Daoud W, Kong Y. A new approach to uv-blocking treatment for cotton fabrics. Textile Research Journal. 2004, 74:97-100

Wang R, Xin JH, Tao XM, Daoud WA. Zno nanorods grown on cotton fabrics at low temperature. Chemical Physics Letters. 2004, 398:250-255

Wang R, Xin J, Tao X. Uv-blocking property of dumbbell-shaped zno crystallites on cotton fabrics. Inorganic chemistry. 2005, 44:3926-3930

Fahoume M, Maghfoul O, Aggour M, Hartiti B, Chraibi F, Ennaoui A. Growth and characterization of zno thin films prepared by electrodeposition technique. Solar energy materials and solar cells. 2006, 90:1437-1444

Hu C-C, Huang C-C, Chang K-H. A novel solution for cathodic deposition of porous tio 2 films. Electrochemistry Communications. 2009, 11:434-437

Hatch KL. American standards for uv-protective textiles. Cancers of the skin. Springer; 2002:42-47.

Farley N, Staddon C, Zhao L, Edmonds K, Gallagher B, Gregory D. New sol-gel synthesis of ordered nanostructured doped zno films. arXiv preprint cond-mat/0307254. 2003,

Senthilkumaar S, Selvi R. Functionalized nano finishing to cotton fabrics by sol-gel process. MELLIAND INTERNATIONAL. 2008, 14:110


  • There are currently no refbacks.

AJNNR ISSN 2574-6251)Copyright © 2012-2020. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States