Cover Image

Hybrid Composite Laminates from ESOA-BisGMA Blend and 2-Hydroxyethyl Acrylate (HEA) Treated Jute Fiber

Ankita Pritam Praharaj, D. Behera, T. K. Bastia, A. K. Rout


The development of an inter-cross-linked polymer network of thermoset-thermoset blends have been extensively studied due to their enhanced mechanical properties. Among various polymer blends, modifications of vinyl ester resin (VER) i.e. styrene cross-linkable Bisphenol-A glycidyldimethacrylate (BisGMA) with epoxidized soybean oil acrylate (ESOA) combinations are an attractive route to promote the performance of the thermoset matrix and to overcome the inferior properties of both the components. The primary goal of this research is to develop hybrid composite laminates from ESOA-BisGMA blend (50:50 wt%) using both untreated and 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate (HEA) treated jute fiber as reinforcement and then to characterize thereof. The mechanical properties like tensile strength, bending strength & bending E.modulus, dynamic mechanical analysis, corrosion and ageing studies have been investigated. The results suggested improved properties of the hybrid systems with the incorporation of ESOA-BisGMA blend as the composite matrix. Moreover, HEA treatment of jute fiber enhanced the composite properties further, which interestingly, outperformed the parent ESOA-BisGMA blend and untreated jute-ESOA/BisGMA blend based composite. In this investigation 5 ply of jute fabric has been reinforced into ESOA-BisGMA blend matrix, so that at a low cost thin sheets can be produced. This may be used as an alternate material to wood, which has not been carried out elsewhere.


ESOA-BisGMA blend; HEA, Jute fiber; Mechanical properties; Dynamic mechanical analysis; Corrosion and ageing studies

Full Text:



Khot SN, Lascala JJ, Can E, Morye SS, Williams GI, Palmese GR, Kusefoglu SH, Wool RP. Development and application of triglyceride based polymers and composites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2001, 82:703-723

Raquez JM, Deléglise M, Lacrampe MF, Krawczak P. Thermosetting (bio) materials derived from renewable resources: A critical review. Progress in Polymer Science. 2010, 35: 487-509

La Scala J, Wool RP. Property analysis of triglyceride- based thermosets. Polymer. 2005, 46: 61-69

Fu L, Yang L, Dai C, Zhao C, Ma L. Thermal and mechanical properties of acrylated expoxidized-soybean oil-based thermosets. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2010. 117: 2220-2225

Behera D, Banthia AK. Synthesis, characterization and kinetics study of thermal decomposition of epoxidised soybean oil acrylate (ESOA). Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2008, 109:2583-2590

Lu J. Khot S. Wool RP. New sheet molding compound resins from soybean oil. Synthesis and characterization. Polymer. 2005, 46: 71-80

Grishchuk S, Karger K. Hybrid thermosets from vinyl ester resin and acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO). eXPRESS Polymer Letters. 2011,1: 2-11

Alireza F, Abdul RR, Mat UW, Mustapha SNH, Tajulruddin WNW. Mechanical properties of hybrid thermosets from vinyl ester resin and acrylated epoxidized palm oil (AEPO). Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2015, 695: 73-76

Gassan J, Bledki AK. The Influence of Fiber Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Jute-Polypropylene Composites. Composites Part A. 1997, 28:1001-1005

Sridhar MK, Basavarajjappa G, Kasturi S Sg, Balsubramanian N. Evaluation of jute as a reinforcement in composites. Indian J Text Res. 1982, 7:87-96

Roe PJ, Ansell MP. Jute reinforced polyester composite. J. Mater. Sci. 1985, 20:4015-4020

Mohanty AK, Khan MA, Hinrichsen G. Influence of Chemical Surface Modification on the Properties of Biodegradable Jute Fabrics–Polyester Amide Composites. Composites Part A. 2000, 31:143-150

Ray D, Sarkar BK, Basak RK, Rana AK. Study of the Thermal Behavior of Alkali-Treated Jute Fibers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2002, 85:2594-2599

Tripathy SS, DI Landro L, Fontanelli D, Marchetti A, Levita G. Mechanical Properties of Jute Fibers and Interface Strength with an Epoxy Resin. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2000, 75:1585-1596

Winfield AG. Proceedings of second symposium on new fibers and composites, sponsored jointly by Dept. of Science and Technology, India, and UNIDO, January 10-11,1977

Behera D, Banthia AK, Bastia.TK. Hydroxyethyl Acrylate (HEA) Treated Jute–ESOA Composite Laminate: A New Development for Structural Materials. International Journal of Plastics Technology. 2011, 15: 86-92

Behera D, Satapathy H, Banthia AK. Synthesis, purification and curing studies of vinyl ester network. Pigment and Resin Technology. 2007, 32: 271-278

Dhakal HK, Zhang ZY, Richardson MOW. Effect of water absorption on the mechanical properties of hemp fiber reinforced unsaturated polyester composites. Compos Sci. Technol. 2007, 67: 1627-1639

Cheng S, Lau KT, Liu T et al. Mechanical and thermal properties of chicken feather fiber/PLA green composites. Composites: Part B. 2009, 40: 650-654

Abdul Khalil HPS, Jawaid M, Abu Bakar A. Woven hybrid composites: water absorption and thickness swelling behaviours. Bioresources. 2011, 6:1043-1052


  • There are currently no refbacks.

AJPSE(ISSN 2572-5734)Copyright © 2012-2021. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States