Cover Image

Effect of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Parameters on Certain Properties of Natural Polymeric Material (Cotton) Fiber

Rahul Navik, Ajit Dalvi, Mosin Naikwade, Yingjie Cai


Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) plasma reactor, operated at atmospheric pressure was used for modifying the properties of bleached plain woven cotton fabrics. Cotton fabric was treated at 3.0, 3.5 and 4.0 kV electrode current for 2.5, 5.0, and 7.5 min in the presence of air plasma, in order to establish the chemical effect on cotton fiber. Some properties such as wick-ability, absorbency, tensile strength, tear strength, dye-ability; FT-IR analysis and surface morphology analysis were carried-out as well. The outcomes revealed that, plasma treatment resulted in surface etching, generation of carboxylic and carbonyl group contents in cotton fiber. The increased carbonyl and carboxylic group content resulted in enhancement of fiber wettability and rate of fabric vertical wicking. The reactive dyes uptake of treated samples were increased almost linearly but decreased with increased treatment time and intensity of voltage across the electrodes. A slight increase in tensile and tear strength was found in air plasma treated fabrics. Yellowness of the fabric was increased after plasma treatment. The SEM micrographs confirmed the atmospheric plasma could modify the fiber surface outwardly.


Cotton; Dielectric Barrier discharge; Whiteness; Yellowness; Wicking height; tensile strength; tear strength; Colour yield; FT-IR; SEM

Full Text:



Marcandalli B, Riccardi C. Plasma treatments of fibres and textiles. In: Shisoo R, ed. Plasma Technologies for textiles. Cambridge:Woodhead Publishing; 2007:286

Lam YL, Kan CW, Yuen CWM. Physical and chemical analysis of plasma treated cotton fabric subjected to wrinkle resistance finishing. Cellulose. 2011, 18:493-503

Ab. Shusa MH, El-Husamy MB, Hashem Am, El-Nagar AH. A leatching type antibaterial agent in the easy care finishing of knitted cotton fabric. J Indus Text. 2007, 37:55-77

Kan CW, Lam YL. Low stress mechanical properties of plasma-treated cotton fabric subjected to zinc oxide-anti-microbial treatment. Materials. 2013, 6:314-333

Kolarova K, Vosmanska V, Rimpelova S, Svorcik V. Effect of plasma treatment on cellulose fiber. Cellulose. 2013, 20:953-961

Karkhmalev V A, Paiziev A A. Spiral structure of cotton fibres. Cellulose. 2006, 13:45-52

Karmarkar SR. Pre-treatment of textiles under plasma conditions. In: Karmarkar SR, ed. Chemical technology in pretreatment process of textiles. Newyork:Elsevier; 1999:395-414

Karahan HA, Ozdogan E. Improvement of surface functionality of cotton fibres by atmospheric plasma treatment. Fibers and Polymers. 2008, 9:21-26

Lou S., Wim J, Ooij V. Surface modification of textile fibers for improvement of adhesion to polymeric matrices: a review. J Adhes Sci Tech. 2002, 16:1715-1735

Kang JY, Sarmadi M. Textile plasma treatment review-natural polymer based textiles. Amer Asso Text Chemi Col. 2004, 4:4

Morrent R, De-Geyter N, Verschuren J, De-Clerck K. Non-thermal plasma treatment of textiles. Surf Coat Tech. 2008, 202:3427-3449

Lerourex F, Compagne C, Perwuelz A, Gengembre L. Fluorocarbon nano-coating of polyester fabrics by atmospheric air plasma with aerosol. Appl Surf Sci. 2008, 254:3902-3908

Cai Z, Qiu Y. The mechanism of air/oxygen/helium atmospheric plasma action on PVA J Appl Polym Sci. 2006, 99:2233-2237

Calvimontes A, Mauersberger P, Nitschke M, Dutschk V, Simon F. Effects of oxygen plasma on cellulose surface. Cellulose. 2011, 18:803-809

Kan CW, Man WS, Ng SP. A study of pigment application on atmospheric pressure plasma treated cotton. Fibers and Polymers. 2014, 15:2313-2318

Kale K H, Desai A N. Atmospheric plasma treatment of textiles using non-polymerising gases. Indian J Fibr Text Res. 2011, 36:289-299

Prasath A, Sivaram SS, Anand Vijay VD. Desizing of starch containig cotton fabrics using near atmospheric pressure, cold DC plasma treatment. J Instit Engine (India): Series E. 2013, 94:1-5

Shahidi S, Ghoranneviss M, Moazzenchi B. New advances in plasma technologies for textile. J Fus Energ. 2014, 33:97-102

Zhong W. Surface Tension, Wetting and Wicking. In: ed. North America:Woodhead Publishing Limited,; 2006:136-153

Wang Q, Fang X R, Wang L P, Wu J, Chen J. Plasma aided cotton bioscouring: Dielctric barrier discharge versus low pressure oxygen plasma. Plasma Chem Plasma Proc. 2009, 19:399-409

Sun D, Styllus G K. Effect of low temperature plasma treatment on the scouring and dyeing of natural fabrics Text Res J. 2004, 74:49-56

Wong K K, Tao X M, Yuen C W M, Yueng K W. Low temperature plasma treatment of linen. Text Res J. 1999, 69:846-855

Indubarkar S, Morent R, Geyter N D, Desmet T, Anukaliani A, Dubruel P, Leys C. Chemical and physical analysis of cotton fabrics plasma treated with a low pressure DC glow discharge. Cellulose. 2010, 17:417-426

Yuen C W M, Kan C W. Influence of low temperature plasma treatment on the properties of ink-jet printed cotton fabric. Fibers and Polymers. 2007, 8:168-173

Prabaharan M, Carneiro N. Effect of low temperature plasma on cotton fabric and it's application to bleaching and dyeing. Indian J Fibr Text Res. 2005, 30:68-74

Pibo M A, Huang J, Cao G, Xu W. Influence of temperature on corona discharge treatment of cotton fibres. Fibers and Polymers. 2010, 11:941-945

Lam Y L, Kan C W, Yuen C W M. Effect of oxygen plasma pretreatment and Titanium dioxide overlay coating on flame retardant finished cotton fabrics. Bioresources. 2011, 6:1454-1474

Patino A, Cristina C, Cristina R, Caballera G, Navrro A, Canal J M. Surface and bulk cotton fabric modifications plasma and cationisation: influence on dyeing with reactive dye. Cellulose. 2011, 18:1073-1083

Alessio Mezzi Daniela Caschera, Luciona Corri and Tilde de Caro. Effects of plasma treatments for improving extreme wettability behavior of cotton fabrics. Cellulose. 2014, 21:741-756

Zhong Z.Z Zang H.J, Guo F, and Liu W.M. The influence of plasma treatment on the tribological properties of hybrid PTFE/cotton fabric/phenolic composites. Polymer Compos. 2008, 30:1523-1531

Bujanda A Ppas D, Demree J.D, Hirvaneh J.K. Kosik W, Jenson R, and M.C. Knight S. Surface modification of polyamide fibers and films using atmospheric plasmas. Surf Coat Tech. 2006, 201:4384-4388

C.W. Kan Y.L. Lam, C.W.M. Yuen. Fabric Objective Measurement of the Plasma-treated Cotton Fabric Subjected to Wrinkle-resistant Finishing with BTCA and TiO2 System. Cellulose. 2011, 18:493-503

Vander L C, Ostenson M, Gatenholm P, Rajauskas A J. Surface modification of cellulose fibre using dielectric barrier discharge Carbohy Polym. 2006, 65:179

Ysuda T, Gazicai M, Yasuda M. Plasma polymerisation and plasma treatment. Appl Polym Sci. 1984, 38:201


  • There are currently no refbacks.

AJPSE(ISSN 2572-5734)Copyright © 2012-2021. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States