Cover Image

Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Polyamide 1010 Composites Filled with Nanodiamond/Graphitized Carbon Black Nanoparticles

Ayesha Kausar


A series of polyamide 1010 (PA1010) composites were prepared by melt technique. A combination of two ball milled nanfillers were used to reinforce the composites i.e. nanodiamond (ND) and graphitized carbon black (GCB). The structure of nanocomposites was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The mechanical tests showed that the tensile strength and Young modulus increased as the ND/GCB content was increased. Compared with pure PA1010, the Young’s modulus and tensile strength of PA1010/ND/GCB 20 were significantly improved by 52 % and 22 %, respectively. On the other hand, the elongation at break of PA1010/ND/GCB composites was decreased with the increasing proportion of nanobifiller. For the composites containing 20 wt.% ND/GCB, the elongation at break was decreased to 2 % compared with 5 wt.% loaded PA1010 (25 %) prepared under the same experimental conditions. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) images showed that the nanobifiller was uniformly dispersed on the fractured surfaces of the nanocomposite and exhibited strong interfacial adhesion with the polyamide matrix. Thermal stability of PA1010/ND/GCB 20 was improved significantly (Tmax = 530 ºC) relative to 5 wt. %  PA1010 composite (Tmax = 489 ºC) and neat polyamide.


PA1010; nanodiamond, graphitized carbon black; ball milling; tensile strength; thermal stability

Full Text:



Bryning M B, Islam M F, Kikkawa J M, Yodh A G. Very low conductivity threshold in bulk isotropic single-walled carbon nanotube-epoxy composites. Adv Mater. 2005, 17:1186-1191

Kausar A. A Study on Poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene)-graft-Polystyrene Reinforced with two Functional Nanocarbons. Polym Plast Technol Engineer. 2015, 54:741-749

Kausar A, Wajid-Ullah, Muhammad B and Siddiq M. Influence of Processing Technique on Physical Properties of Modified Polystyrene/Exfoliated Graphite Nanocomposites. Mater Manufactur Process. 2015, 30:346-355

Zhang W, Dehghani-Sanij A A, Blackburn R S. Carbon based conductive polymer composites. J Mater Sci. 2007, 42:3408-3418

Athreya S R, Kalaitzidoua K, Das S. Processing and characterization of a carbon black-filled electrically conductive Nylon-12 nanocomposite produced by selective laser sintering. Mater Sci Engineer A. 2010, 527:2637-2642

Jana S C, Jimenez G A. Electrically conductive polymer nanocomposites of polymethylmethacrylate and carbon nanofibers prepared by chaotic mixing. Compos A Appl Sci Manufactur. 2007, 38:983-993

Flores A, Cagiao M E, Ezquerra T A, Calleja F J B. Influence of filler structure on microhardness of carbon black–polymer composites. J Appl Polym Sci. 2001, 79:90-95

Khalil H P S A, Firoozian P, Bakare I O, Akil H Md, Noor A Md. Exploring biomass based carbon black as filler in epoxy composites: Flexural and thermal properties. Mater Des. 2010, 31; 3419-3425

Yang J, Liu S, Guo X, Luan Y, Su W, Liu J. Annealing of Nylon-1010 under High Pressure. Macromol Chem Phys. 2002, 203:1081-1087

Yang J, Dong W, Luan Y, Liu J, Liu S, Guo X, Zhao X, Su W. Crystallization and crosslinking of polyamide-1010 under elevated pressure. J Appl Polym Sci. 2002, 83:2522-2527

Chodak I, Omastova M, Pionteck J. Relation between electrical and mechanical properties of conducting polymer composites. J Appl Polym Sci. 2001, 82:1903-1906

Foulger, S. H. Reduced percolation thresholds of immiscible conductive blends. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys. 1999, 37:1899-1910

Meincke O, Kaempfer D, Weickmann H, Friedrich C, Vathauer M, Warth H. Mechanical properties and electrical conductivity of carbon-nanotube filled polyamide-6 and its blends with acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene. Polymer. 2004, 45:739-748

Kausar A. Nanodiamond/MWCNT-based Polymeric Nanofiber Reinforced Poly(Bisphenol A-co-epichlorohydrin). Malaysian Polym J. 2015, 10:23-32

Ullah M, Kausar A, Siddiq M, Subhan M, Zia M A. Reinforcing Effects of Modified Nanodiamonds on the Physical Properties of Polymer-based Nanocomposites: A Review. Polym Plast Technol Engineer. 2015, 54:861-879

Basavaraja E, Ramaraj B, Lee J -H, Siddaramaiah. Polyamide 6/carbon black/molybdenum disulphide composites: Friction, wear and morphological characteristics. Mater Chem Phys. 2013, 138:658-665

Liu Y, Xu W, Zhu J, Wang C, Sheng S. Polyamide 6/modified Carbon Black Nanocomposites Prepared via In Situ Polymerization. J Macromol Sci B Phys. 2015, 54:469-480

Yadav T P, Yadav R M, Singh D P. Mechanical Milling: a Top Down Approach for the Synthesis of Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites. Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2012, 2:22-48

Spitalskya Z, Tasis D, Papagelis K, Galiotis C. Carbon nanotube–polymer composites: Chemistry, processing, mechanical and electrical properties. Prog Polym Sci. 2010, 35:357-401

Kausar A, Hussain S T. Synthesis and properties of melt processed poly(thiourea-azo-sulfone)/carbon nanotubes nanocomposites. Chinese J Polym Sci. 2014, 32:64-72

Zhou K, Gu S -Y, Zhang Y -H, Ren J. Effect of dispersion on rheological and mechanical properties of polypropylene/carbon nanotubes nanocomposites. Polym Engineer Sci. 2012, 52:1485-1494

Athreya S R, Kalaitzidoua K, Das S. Processing and characterization of a carbon black-filled electrically conductive Nylon-12 nanocomposite produced by selective laser sintering Mater Sci Engineer. A 2010, 527:2637-2642

Socher R, Krause B, Hermasch S, Wursche R, Pötschke, Electrical and thermal properties of polyamide 12 composites with hybrid fillers systems of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and carbon black. Compos Sci Technol. 2011, 71: 1053-1059

Petrovicova E, Knight R, Schadler L S, Twardowski T E. Nylon 11/silica nanocomposite coatings applied by the HVOF process. II. Mechanical and barrier properties. J Appl Polym Sci. 2000, 78:2272-2289

Arroyo M, López-Manchado M A, Herrero B. Organo-montmorillonite as substitute of carbon black in natural rubber compounds. Polymer. 2003, 44:2447-2453


  • There are currently no refbacks.

AJPSE(ISSN 2572-5734)Copyright © 2012-2021. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States