Cover Image

Topical Progression in Organic and Inorganic Membranes for Advance Application: A Review

Ayesha Kausar

Abstract


Organic and inorganic nano-porous filtration membranes have been discussed in this review, as emergent water treatment technology for elite protection of human health and environment. Self-assembled block copolymer has evolved as influential tool to fabricate organic nano-porous materials with well-defined morphology, pore size and distribution, porosity and surface chemistry. These types of nano-porous materials are attractive for regulation and detection of transport at molecular level. The literature inspection presented in this article typically addressed exploration of relevant aspects such as polymerization method, surface morphology, membrane thickness, and active porosity affecting membrane performance. Similarly, considerable efforts towards fabricating ordered and water-permeable inorganic membranes were debated. In both type of membranes, fine control over pore dimensions, structural characteristics, and physical behavior of nano-structures hang about a major challenge.

Keywords


Self-Assembled Block Copolymer; Nano-Porous; Membrane; Water Treatment; Surface Morphology

Full Text:

PDF

References


Montgomery M A, Elimelech M. Water and sanitation in developing countries: including health in the equation. Env Sci Tech. 2007, 41:17-24

Lima A A M, Moore S R, Barboza M S, Soares A M, Schleupner M A, Newman R D, Guerrant R L. Persistent diarrhea signals a critical period of increased diarrhea burdens and nutritional shortfalls: a prospective cohort study among children in northeastern Brazil. J Infect Disease. 2000, 181:1643-1651

Mehwish N, Kausar A, Siddiq M. Advances in polymer-based nanostructured membranes for water treatment. Polym-Plast Technol Engineer. 2014, 53:1290-1316

Alklaibi A M, Lior N. Membrane distillation desalination: status and potential. Desalination. 2005, 171:111-131

Kausar A. Thermal and Rheological Properties of Waterborne Polyurethane/Nanodiamond Composite. Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2016, 6:6-10

Kausar A. Effect of Halloysite Nanoclay on Polymerization and Properties of Poly (3, 4-(2, 2-dimethylpropylenedioxy)-thiophene-co-aniline). Am J Polym Sci. 2015, 5:30-34

Shannon M A, Bohn P W, Elimelech M, Georgiadis J G, Mariñas B J, Mayes A M. Science and technology for water purification in the coming decades. Nature. 2008, 452:301-310

Kausar A. Synthesis And Characterization Of New Polyamides, Poly (Amide Imide) s, Polyimides And Polyurethanes Bearing Thiourea Moieties. Doctoral dissertation. 2011, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad

Paquet C, Kumacheva E. Nanostructured polymers for photonics. Mater Today. 2008, 11:48-56

Liu X, Stamm M. Fabrication of highly ordered polymeric nanodot and nanowire arrays templated by supramolecular assembly block copolymer nanoporous thin films. Nanoscale Res Lett. 2009, 4:459-464

Kausar A and Siddiq M. Latent of Modified Epoxy Materials in Defence Applications. Editor: A. Méndez-Vilas & A. Solano-Martín Polymer Science: Research Advances, Practical Applications and Educational Aspects, Formatex Research Center, 2016, 278-288

Jabeen S, Kausar A, Saeed S, Muhammad B, Gul S, Farooq M. Crosslinking of alginic acid/chitosan matrices using bis phenol-F-diglycidyl ether: mechanical, thermal and water absorption investigation. Int J Plast Technol. 2016, 20:159-174

Sattar, R., Kausar, A. and Siddiq, M., Influence of conducting polymer on mechanical, thermal and shape memory properties of polyurethane/polythiophene blends and nanocomposites. Adv Mater Lett. 2016, 7: 282-288

González-Campo A, Orchard K L , Sato N, Shaffer M S, Williams C K. One pot in situ synthesis of ZnO-carbon nanotube epoxy resin hybrid nanocomposites. Chem Commun. 2009, 4034-4036

Henk P O, Kortsen T W, Kvarts T. Increasing the electrical discharge endurance of acid anhydride cured DGEBA epoxy resin by dispersion of nanoparticle silica. High Perform Polym. 1999, 11:281-296

Nelson J K, Hu Y. Nanocomposite dielectrics properties and implications. J Phys D: Appl Phys. 2005, 38:213-222

Lipic P M, Bates F S, Hillmyer M A, Nanostructured thermosets from self assembled amphiphilic block copolymer epoxy resin mixtures. J Am Chem Soc. 1998, 120: 8963-8970

Hillmyer M A, Lipic P M, Hajduk D A, Almdal K, Bates F S. Self assembly and polymerization of epoxy resin amphilic block copolymer nanocomposites. J Am Chem Soc. 1997, 119:2749-2750

Serrano E, Tercjak A, Kortaberria G, Pomposo J A, Mecerreyes D, Zafeiropoulos N E, Mondragon I. Nanostructured thermosetting systems by modification with epoxidized styrene-butadiene star block copolymers Effect of epoxidation degree. Macromolecules. 2006, 39:2254-2261

Dean J M, Lipic P M, Grubbs R B, Cook R F, Bates F S. Micellar structure and mechanical properties of block copolymer‐modified epoxies. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys. 2001, 39:2996-3010

Ritzenthaler S, Court F, David L, Girard-Reydet E, Leibler L, Pascault J P. ABC triblock copolymers/epoxy-diamine blends 1 Keys to achieve nanostructured thermosets. Macromolecules. 2002, 35:6245-6254

Serrano E, Kortaberria G, Arruti P, Tercjak A, Mondragon I. Molecular dynamics of an epoxy resin modified with an epoxidized polystyrene–butadiene linear block copolymer during cure and microphase separation processes. Eur Polym J. 2009, 454:1046-1057

Girard-Reydet E, Pascault J P, Bonnet A, Leibler L. A new class of epoxy thermosets. Macromol Symp. 2003, 198:309-322

Hermel‐Davidock T J, Tang H S, Murray D J, Hahn S F. Control of the block copolymer morphology in templated epoxy thermosets. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys. 2007, 45:3338-3348

Sixun Z, Naibin Z, Xiaolie L, Dezhu M. Epoxy resin/poly ethylene oxide blends cured with aromatic amine. Polymer. 1995, 36:3609-3613

In M, Zheng S. Sernary thermosetting blends of epoxy resin poly ethylene oxide and poly ε-caprolactone. Macromol Chem Phys. 2005, 206:929-937

Lodge T P. Block copolymers: past successes and future challenges. Macromol Chem Phys. 2003, 204:265-273

Bates F S, Fredrickson G H. Block copolymers – designer soft materials. Phys Today. 1999, 52:32-38

Leibler L. Theory of microphase separation in block copolymers. Macromolecules. 1980, 13:1602-1617

Bates F S, Fredrickson G H. Block copolymer thermodynamics: theory and experiment. Annu Rev Phys Chem. 1990, 41:525-557

Bates F S, Schulz M F, Khandpur A K, Förster S, Rosedale J H, Almdal K, Mortensen K. Fluctuations conformational asymmetry and block copolymer phase behavior. Faraday Discuss. 1994, 98:7-18

Khandpur A K, Foerster S, Bates F S, Hamley I W, Ryan A J, Bras W, Mortensen K. Polyisoprene-polystyrene diblock copolymer phase diagram near the order-disorder transition. Macromolecules. 1995, 28:8796-8806

Hajduk D A, Takenouchi H, Hillmyer M A, Bates F S, Vigild M E, Almdal K. Stability of the perforated layer PL phase in diblock copolymer melts. Macromolecules. 1997, 30:3788-3795

Matsen M W, Schick M. Stable and unstable phases of a diblock copolymer melt. Phys Rev Lett. 1994, 72:2660-2663

Matsen M W, Bates F S. Unifying weak-and strong-segregation block copolymer theories. Macromolecules. 1996, 29:1091-1098

Cochran E W, Garcia-Cervera C J, Fredrickson G H. Stability of the gyroid phase in diblock copolymers at strong segregation. Macromolecules. 2006, 39:2449-2451

Horsch MA, Zhang ZL, Glotzer SC. Self-assembly of polymer-tethered nanorods. Phys Rev Lett. 2005, 95: 056105

Park C, Yoon J, Thomas E L. Enabling nanotechnology with self-assembled block copolymer patterns. Polymer. 2003, 44:6725-6760

Lee J S, Hirao A, Nakahama S. Polymerization of monomers containing functional silyl groups 5 Synthesis of new porous membranes with functional groups. Macromolecules. 1988, 21:274-276

Hedrick J, Labadie J, Russell T ,Hofer D, Wakharker V. High temperature polymer foams. Polymer. 1993, 34:4717-4726

Du P, Li M, Douki K, Li X, Garcia C B, Jain A, Ober C K. Additive‐driven phase‐selective chemistry in block copolymer thin films: the convergence of top–down and bottom–up approaches. Adva Mater. 2004, 16:953-957

Thurn-Albrecht T, Steiner R, DeRouchey J, Stafford C M, Huang E, Bal M, Russell T P. Nanoscopic templates from oriented block copolymer films. Adv Mater. 2000, 12:787-791

Ndoni S, Vigild M E, Berg R H. Nanoporous materials with spherical and gyroid cavities created by quantitative etching of polydimethylsiloxane in polystyrene-polydimethylsiloxane block copolymers. J Am Chem Soc. 2003, 125:13366-13367

Olayo-Valles R, Lund M S, Leighton C, Hillmyer M A. Large area nanolithographic templates by selective etching of chemically stained block copolymer thin films. J Mater Chem. 2004, 14:2729-2731

Zalusky A S, Olayo-Valles R, Wolf J H, Hillmyer M A. Ordered nanoporous polymers from polystyrene-polylactide block copolymers. J Am Chem Soc. 2002, 124:12761-12773

Goldbach J T, Lavery K A, Penelle J, Russell T P. Nano to macro sized heterogeneities using cleavable diblock copolymers. Macromolecules. 2004, 37:9639-9645

Zhang M, Yang L, Yurt S ,Misner M J, Chen J T, Coughlin E B, Russell T P. Highly ordered nano-porous thin films from cleavable polystyrene-block-poly ethylene oxide. Adv Mater. 2007, 19:1571-1576

Bolhuis P G, Kofke D A. Monte Carlo study of freezing of polydisperse hard spheres. Phys Rev E. 1996, 54:634–643

Fasolka M J, Mayes A M. Block copolymer thin films: Physics and applications 1. Annu Rev Mater Res. 2001, 31:323-355

Krausch G, Magerle R. Nanostructured thin films via self-assembly of block copolymers. Adv Mater. 2002, 14:1579-1583

Yang S Y, Ryu I, Kim H Y, Kim J K, Jang S K, Russell T P. Nanoporous membranes with ultrahigh selectivity and flux for the filtration of viruses. Adv Mater. 2006, 18:709-712

Thurn-Albrecht T, Steiner R, DeRouchey J, Stafford C M, Huang E, Bal M, Russell T P. Nanoscopic templates from oriented block copolymer films. Adv Mater. 2000, 12:787-791

Naz A, Kausar A, Siddiq M. Fabrication and properties of novel polyaniline/poly (styrene-co-maleic anhydride) cumene terminated/4, 4′-oxydianiline/graphite-based nanocomposites via layered polymerization. Polym -Plast Technol Engineer. 2014, 53:1542-1552

Khan F, Kausar A, Siddiq M. A review on properties and fabrication techniques of polymer/carbon nanotube composites and polymer intercalated buckypapers. Polym -Plast Technol Engineer. 2015, 54:1524-1539

Shah R, Kausar A, Muhammad B. Characterization and Properties of Poly (methyl methacrylate)/Graphene, Poly (methyl methacrylate)/Graphene oxide and Poly (methyl methacrylate)/p-Phenylenediamine-Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites. Polym -Plast Technol Engineer. 2015, 54:1334-1342

Kim D H, Wu X, Russell T P. Precise control of nanopore size in thin film using mixtures of asymmetric block copolymer and homopolymer. Macromolecules. 2003, 36:10126-10129

Hamley I W. Structure and flow behaviour of block copolymers. J Phys: Cond Matt. 2001, 13:R643-R671

Darling S B. Directing the self-assembly of block copolymers. Prog Polym Sci. 2007, 32: 1152-1204.

Drockenmuller E, Li L Y, Ryu D Y, Harth E, Russell T P, Kim H C, Hawker C J. Covalent stabilization of nanostructures: Robust block copolymer templates from novel thermoreactive systems. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem. 2005, 43:1028-1037

Velhal S G, Kulkarni S D, Jaybhaye R G. Novel nanoparticles for water and waste water treatment. Res J Chem Env. 2012, 16:95-103

Guo K W. Membranes coupled with nanotechnology for daily drinking water: an Overview. J Petro & Envir Biotech. 2011, 23:2157-7463

Subramanian S, Seeram R. New directions in nanofiltration applications are nanofibers the right materials as membranes in desalination. Desalination. 2013, 308:198-208

Zhang L, Bai X, Tian H, Zhong L, Ma C, Zhou Y, Li D. Synthesis of antibacterial film CTS/PVP/TiO2/Ag for drinking water system. Carbohyd Polym. 2012, 89:1060-1066

Zhang H, Zhao H, Liu P, Zhang S, Li G. Direct growth of hierarchically structured titanate nanotube filtration membrane for removal of waterborne pathogens. J Membr Sci. 2009, 343:212-218

Himstedt H H, Marshall K M, Wickramasinghe S R. pH-responsive nanofiltration membranes by surface modification. J Membr Sci. 2011, 366:373-381

Zou L, Vidalis I, Steele D, Michelmore A, Low S P, Verberk J Q J C. Surface hydrophilic modification of RO membranes by plasma polymerization for low organic fouling. J Membr Sci. 2011, 369:420-428

Liu F, Hashim N A, Liu Y, Abed M R, Li K. Progress in the production and modification of PVDF membranes. J Membr Sci. 2011, 375:1-27

Kaur S, Sundarrajan S, Rana D, Matsuura T, Ramakrishna S. Influence of electrospun fiber size on the separation efficiency of thin film nanofiltration composite membrane. J Membr Sci. 2012, 392:101-111

Phillip W A, O’Neill B, Rodwogin M, Hillmyer M A, Cussler E L. Self assembled block copolymer thin films as water filtration membranes. ACS Appl Mater Interfac. 2010, 2:847-853

Dai Y, Niu J, Yin L, Xu J, Xu J. Laccase carrying electrospun fibrous membrane for the removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from contaminated water. Separat Purif Technol. 2012, 104:1-8

Ayad M, Zaghlol S. Nanostructured crosslinked polyaniline with high surface area: synthesis characterization and adsorption for organic dye. Chem Eng J. 2012, 204:79-86

Mangayarkarasi V, Prema A, Rao N. Silver nanomembrane and ceramic silver nanofilter for effective removal of water borne diarrhoegenic Escherichia coli. Ind J Sci Technol. 2012; 5:2029-2034

Maurdev G, Millington K R. Potential for desalination using lower critical solution temperature polymers: Concentration of salt solutions by pluronic PE6200. J Appl Polym Sci. 2009, 113:2346-2352

Keller A A, McFerran S, Lazareva A, Suh S. Global life cycle releases of engineered nanomaterials. J Nanoparticle Res. 2013, 15:1692

Mayani S V, Mayani V J, Kim S W. Development of novel porous carbon frameworks through hydrogen-bonding interaction and its ethylene adsorption activity. J porous Mater. 2012, 19:519-527

Yang H, Jia L, Wang Z, Di-Cicco A, Lévy D, Keller P. Novel photolabile diblock copolymers bearing truxillic acid derivative junctions. Macromolecules. 2011, 44:159-165

Misdan N, Lau W, Ismail A. Seawater reverse osmosis SWRO desalination by thin-film composite membrane current development challenges and future prospects. Desalination. 2012, 287:228-237

ElSafty S A, Shahat A, Ismael M. Mesoporous aluminosilica monoliths for the adsorptive removal of small organic pollutants. J Hazard Mater. 2012, 201:23-32

Darling S B. Directing the self-assembly of block copolymers. Prog Polym Sci. 2007, 32: 1152-1204.

Leiston-Belanger J M, Russell T P, Drockenmuller E, Hawker C J. A thermal and manufacturable approach to stabilized diblock copolymer templates. Macromolecules. 2005, 38:7676-7683

Guo F, Andreasen J W, Vigild M E, Ndoni S. Influence of 1 2-PB matrix cross-linking on structure and properties of selectively etched 1 2-PB-b-PDMS block copolymers. Macromolecules. 2007, 40:3669-3675

Mao H, Hillmyer M A. Macroscopic samples of polystyrene with ordered three-dimensional nanochannels. Soft Matt. 2005, 21:57-59

Zhou N, Bates F S, Lodge T P. Mesoporous membrane templated by a polymeric bicontinuous microemulsion. Nano lett. 2006, 6:2354-2357

Ju H, McCloskey B D, Sagle A C, Kusuma V A, Freeman B D. Preparation and characterization of crosslinked polyethylene glycoldiacrylate hydrogels as fouling-resistant membrane coating materials. J Membr Sci. 2009, 330:180-188

Lee C H, McCloskey B D, Cook J Lane, O Xie W, Freeman B D, Lee Y M, McGrath J E, Disulfonated polyarylene ether sulfone random copolymer thin film composite membrane fabricated using a benign solvent for reverse osmosis applications. J Membr Sci. 2012, 389:363- 371

Wandera D, Himstedt H H, Marroquin M, Wickramasinghe S R, Husson S M. Modification of ultrafiltration membranes with block copolymer nanolayers for produced water treatment: The roles of polymer chain density and polymerization time on performance. J Membr Sci. 2012, 403-404: 250-260

Zhong P S, Chung T S, Jeyaseelan K, Armugam A. Aquaporin embedded biomimetic membranes for nanofiltration. J Membr Sci. 2012, 407-408: 27-33

Yeo J, Kim S Y, Kim S, Ryu D Y, Kim T H, Park M J. Mechanically and structurally robust sulfonated block copolymer membranes for water purification applications. Nanotechnology. 2012, 23:245703

Chen W, Su Y, Peng J, Zhao X, Jiang Z, Dong Y, Zhang Y, Liang Y, Liu J. Efficient wastewater treatment by membranes through constructing tunable antifouling membrane surfaces. Environ Sci Technol. 2011, 45:6545-6552

Muuller F, Ferreira C A, Franco L, Puiggali J, Aleman C, Armelin E. New sulfonated polystyrene and styrene ethylene/butylenes styrene block copolymers for applications in electrodialysis. J Phys Chem. 2012, 116: 11767−11779.

Chiag Y C, Chang Y, Chen W Y, Ruaan R C. Biofouling resistance of ultrafiltration membranes controlled by surface self assembled coating with PEGylated copolymers. Langmuir. 2012, 28:1399−1407

Kaufman Y, Berman A, Freger V. Supported lipid bilayer membranes for water purification by reverse osmosis. Langmuir. 2010, 26:7388-7395

Ma H, Burger C, Hsiao B S, Chu B. Highly permeable polymer membranes containing directed channels for water purification. ACS Macro Lett. 2012, 1:723-726

Wang X, Chen J, Hong K, Mays J W. Well defined polyisoprene-b-poly acrylic acid/polystyrene-b-polyisoprene-b-poly acrylic acid block copolymers: Synthesis and their self assembled hierarchical structures in aqueous media. ACS Macro Lett. 2012, 1:743-747

Wei X Z, Zhu L P, Deng H Y, Xu Y Y, Zhu B K, Huang Z M. New type of nanofiltration membrane based on crosslinked hyperbranched polymers. J Membr Sci. 2008, 323:278-287

Gao Y, de Jubera A M S, Mariñas B J, Moore J S. Nanofiltration membranes with modified active layer using aromatic polyamide dendrimers. Adv Funct Mater. 2012, 23:598-607

Alam J, Dass L A, Alhoshan M S, Ghasemi M, Mohammad A W. Development of polyaniline modified polysulfone nanocomposite membrane. Appl Water Sci. 2012, 2:37-46

Goncharuk V V, Kavitskaya A A, Atamanenko I D, Kononova A I, Skilskaya M D, Badekha A V. The influence of the structure and chemical nature of the surface of membranes on their functional characteristics in pressure driven purification of artesian waters. J Water Chem Tech. 2010, 32:131-138

Hickner M A. Ion-containing polymers: new energy & clean water. Mater Today. 2010, 13:34-41

Schacher F, Rudolph T, Wieberger F, Ulbricht M, Müller A H. Double stimuli-responsive ultrafiltration membranes from polystyrene-block-polyNN-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate diblock copolymers. ACS Appl Mater Interfac. 2009, 1:1492-1503

Xu T, Zhao N, Ren F, Hourani R, Lee M T, Shu J Y, Helms B A. Subnanometer porous thin films by the co-assembly of nanotube subunits and block copolymers. ACS Nano. 2011, 5:1376-1384

Jackson E A, Hillmyer M A. Nanoporous membranes derived from block copolymers: from drug delivery to water filtration. ACS Nano. 2010, 47:3548-3553

Dastjerdi R, Montazer M. A review on the application of inorganic nano structured materials in the modification of textiles: Focus on anti microbial properties. Colloid Surf B: Biointerfac. 2010, 79:5-18

Padaki M, Isloor A M, Nagaraja K K, Nagaraja H S, Pattabi M. Conversion of microfiltration membrane into nanofiltration membrane by vapour phase deposition of aluminium for desalination application. Desalination. 2011, 274:177-181

Cui J, Zhang X, Liu H, Liu S, Yeung K L. Preparation and application of zeolite/ceramic microfiltration membranes for treatment of oil contaminated water. J Membr Sci. 2008, 325:420-426

Sentana I, De La, Rubia M A, Rodríguez M, Sentana E, Prats D. Removal of natural organic matter by cationic and anionic polyacrylonitrile membranes The effect of pressure ionic strength and pH. Separat Purificat Tech. 2009, 68:305-311

Kim J, Van der Bruggen B. The use of nanoparticles in polymeric and ceramic membrane structures: Review of manufacturing procedures and performance improvement for water treatment. Environ Pollut. 2010, 158:2335-2349

Ambashta R D, Sillanpää M. Water purification using magnetic assistance: A review. J Hazard Mater. 2010, 180:38-49

Capelle N, Moulin P, Charbit F, Gallo R. Purification of heterocyclic drug derivatives from concentrated saline solution by nanofiltration. J Membr Sci. 2002, 196:125-141

Shinde M H, Kulkarni S S, Musale D A, Joshi S G. Improvement of the water purification capability of polyacrylonitrile ultrafiltration membranes. J Membr Sci. 1999, 162:09-22

Kim T H, Park C, Kim S. Water recycling from desalination and purification process of reactive dye manufacturing industry by combined membrane filtration. J Clean Prod. 2005, 13:779-786

Kryvoruchko A, Atamanenko I, Kornilovich B. A role of the clay minerals in the membrane purification process of water from Co II-ions. Separat Purificat Tech. 2001, 25:487-492

Košutić K, Novak I, Sipos L, Kunst B. Removal of sulfates and other inorganics from potable water by nanofiltration membranes of characterized porosity. Separat Purificat Tech. 2004, 37:177-185


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


AJPSE(ISSN 2572-5734)Copyright © 2012-2021. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States