Cover Image

Effective Processing Time & Cost Management of Dyes, Chemicals & Utilities Used in the Combed & Compact Knit Fabric Colouration in the Dyeing Textile Industries

Md. Shipan Mia, Ashaduzzaman Himel, Md. Razu Ahmed Ahmed, Syed Fakhrul Hasan


Industrialization is an inevitable feature of economic intensification in a developing country. The textile dyeing industries uses huge amount of water, steam & electricity and substantial quantities of complex chemicals. Textile dyeing house operating in this sector are facing significant challenges to reduce their natural resources and energy consumption. The main purposes of this investigation is to reduce the process time, cost of chemicals, cost of utilities and cost of effluent treatment. In the very beginning of this research, properties of compact and combed yarn were investigated. Then wet processing and process time required for both the compact and combed fabric are compared. Later on different costs associated with the wet processing of both compact and combed yarn fabric are also analyzed. Through this work it is tried to focus on the use of compact yarn fabric instead of combed yarn could be the best possible way to meet the challenges faced by the textile dyeing as well as textile industries


Coloration; Processing time; processing cost; utility; Chemicals; dyes; Knit fabric

Full Text:



Trotman ER. Dyeing and chemical technology of textile fibres. Wiley; 1984.

Shore J. Cellulosics dyeing. Society of Dyers and Colourists; 1995.

Baker JR. Principles of biological microtechnique. A study of fixation and dyeing. Principles of biological microtechnique. A study of fixation and dyeing. 1958,

Hasan KF. Study on the changes of gsm (gm/m 2) of grey knitted fabric from pretreatment to finishing. International Journal of Textile Science. 2015, 4:119-136

Ngai E, To CK, Ching VS, Chan L, Lee MC, Choi Y, Chai P. Development of the conceptual model of energy and utility management in textile processing: A soft systems approach. International Journal of Production Economics. 2012, 135:607-617

Harper Jr RJ. Process for dyeing smooth-dry cellulosic fabric. 1988

Dingshu M. Practice of improving combed knitted yarn quality in condition of high output [j]. Cotton Textile Technology. 2009, 9:015

Snyder LG. Improving the quality of 100% cotton knit fabrics by defuzzing with singeing and cellulase enzymes. Textile Chemist & Colorist. 1997, 29

Özdil N, Özdoğan E, Demirel A, Öktem T. A comparative study of the characteristics of compact yarn-based knitted fabrics. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe. 2005:39--43

Akaydin M. Characteristics of fabrics knitted with basic knitting structures from combed ring and compact yarns. Indian journal of fibre & textile research. 2009, 34:26

Çelik P, Kadoglu H. A research on the compact spinning for long staple yarns. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe. 2004, 12:48

Rashid MR, Ahmed F, Azad AK. An investigation about abrasion resistance and seam stretchability properties of weft knitted fabrics made from conventional ring and compact spun yarn. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 2012:154

Kretzschmar SD, Özgüney A, Özçelik G, Özerdem A. The comparison of cotton knitted fabric properties made of compact and conventional ring yarns before and after the dyeing process. Textile Research Journal. 2007, 77:233-241

Curt K, Friedhelm B. Method of dyeing knitted textile products. 1961

Saravanan D, Vasanthi N, Ramachandran T. A review on influential behaviour of biopolishing on dyeability and certain physico-mechanical properties of cotton fabrics. Carbohydr. Polym. 2009, 76:1-7

Galante YM, Formantici C. Enzyme applications in detergency and in manufacturing industries. Curr. Org. Chem. 2003, 7:1399-1422

Needles HL. Textile fibers, dyes, finishes, and processes. Standard Publishers Distributors; 2001.

Sultana Z, Ali ME, Uddin MS, Haque MM. Implementation of effluent treatment plants for waste water treatment. J. Environ. Prot. (Irvine, Calif.). 2013, 4:301


  • There are currently no refbacks.

AJEEISSN 2574-6782) Copyright © 2012-2021. All rights reserved. Published by Ivy Union Publishing, 3204 Valley Rush Dr, Apex, North Carolina 27502, United States